Is Othello a comedy gone wrong?
Discover the surprising connections between Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Othello, The Moor of Venice and Commedia dell’Arte, the satiric, improvised form of theater originating in 16th century Italy. Richard Whalen reveals how the seven main characters of Othello bear more than a coincidental resemblance to stock figures of Commedia dell’Arte. The links between Othello and Commedia dell’Arte offer insights into such perplexities as Iago’s extreme capacity for evil and Othello’s curious gullibility.
What does it mean that Shakespeare used comic characters and situations as a foundation for this bleak tragedy? And where did Shakespeare acquire his knowledge of Commedia dell’Arte, an artistic style that was unavailable in England during his most active writing years?
Books and articles for further exploration:
- Othello in the Oxfordian Shakespeare Series, eds. Ren Draya and Richard F. Whalen. Horatio Editions with Llumina.com, 2010.
- Bloom, Harold. Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human. New York: Riverhead-Penguin Putnam, 1998. Chap. 24 “Othello.”
- Bristol, Michael. “Charivari and the Comedy of Abjection in Othello.” Othello: Authoritative Text, Sources and Contexts Criticisms,ed. Edward Pechter. New York: Norton, 2004.
- Honigmann, E. A. J., ed. Othello. London: Nelson, 1999. Reprint Arden Shakespeare series, 2002.
- Nicoll, Allardyce. The World of Harlequin, a Critical Study of the Commedia del’Arte. Cambridge UP, 1963
- Whalen, Richard F. “Commedia dell’arte in Othello, a Satiric Comedy Ending in Tragedy.” Brief Chronicles 3 (2011).
- Pierre Louis Duchartre, The Italian Comedy, with 259 Illustrations
Richard F. Whalen is the author of Shakespeare, Who Was He? The Oxford Challenge to the Bard of Avon. He is co-general editor of the Oxfordian Shakespeare Series. His second edition of Macbeth in the series is forthcoming this year, and he is co-editor with Ren Draya of Blackburn College of the Oxfordian edition of Othello, published in 2010. Richard is past president of the Shakespeare Oxford Society and has published scores of articles in Oxfordian publications. He has also published in Harper’s Magazine and The Tennessee Law Review. His history of Truro Cape Cod, where he lives, has been published by the History Press. A graduate of Fordham College and Yale Graduate School, he has lectured at the lifetime learning programs of Harvard University, Willamette University and several libraries.